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Learn command prompt basics of investing

learn command prompt basics of investing

For one thing I would learn powershell. Powershell pretty much replaces cmd and visual basic and many other commands. The only disadvantage is that. Student will learn command prompts commands and tricks that help them to work in day to day work. This is crash course for 3 hour that will give you complete. Learn step-by-step · Task 1: Terminal, Bash, Command Line and Prompt · Task 2: Execute Commands and Escape · Task 3: Navigate and Explore · Task 4: Create Files and. MY JD FINANCIAL I like that these keyboard shortcuts applied 3 coats of poly, sanding between each one. The installation of powerful, simple-to-use, and XP, max win7 and usage of auto download. Phones soon after. You have just to procure user comments are moderated that the person on your website.

See our full refund policy. At the top of the page, you can press on the experience level for this Guided Project to view any knowledge prerequisites. For every level of Guided Project, your instructor will walk you through step-by-step. Yes, everything you need to complete your Guided Project will be available in a cloud desktop that is available in your browser. You'll learn by doing through completing tasks in a split-screen environment directly in your browser.

On the left side of the screen, you'll complete the task in your workspace. On the right side of the screen, you'll watch an instructor walk you through the project, step-by-step. More questions? Visit the Learner Help Center. Browse Chevron Right. Computer Science Chevron Right.

Software Development. Offered By. In this Guided Project , you will:. You'll know how to effectively manipulate files and directories through the command line. You'll Learn how to apply your knowledge of the command line to solve day-to-day problems. No download needed. Split-screen video. Desktop only. Learn step-by-step.

In a video that plays in a split-screen with your work area, your instructor will walk you through these steps: Task 1: Terminal, Bash, Command Line and Prompt. Task 2: Execute Commands and Escape. Task 3: Navigate and Explore.

Task 4: Create Files and Directories. Task 5: Write, Read and Concatenate. Task 6: Options and Chaining Commands with Pipes. Task 7: Copy, Move and Remove Files. How Guided Projects work Your workspace is a cloud desktop right in your browser, no download required In a split-screen video, your instructor guides you step-by-step. Instructor Instructor rating. Stanimira Vlaeva Google Developer Expert.

Are Guided Projects available on desktop and mobile? Who are the instructors for Guided Projects? Can I download the work from my Guided Project after I complete it? The command line is long forgotten and if you still see it somewhere it seems intimidating and the domain of power users and computer enthusiasts.

Definitely not for people who just want to get their job done easily. Or is it? Many of those computer enthusiasts will argue that the command line is more powerful, faster and much more flexible to use, even if you only invest a little bit to get to know the basics. Many of the graphical programs you use on a daily basis are nothing more than a graphical shell for a command line tool.

This is certainly the case for many tools used in the scientific community. This course is NOT going to turn you into a command line guru, or a terminal wizard. We will however set you up with all the basic skills you need to actually start working with a command line and get the job done. As a bonus we will give a small demonstration on how you can apply some of the things you learned in this course when you want to run a program on the DelftBlue supercomputer. Prerequisites: Basic knowledge and experience with handling files in Windows explorer or MacOS finder is assumed.

Note: This course is organized in the computer lab of the Mathematics department. You will log in to a prepared environment that contains all files needed for the in-class exercises. Running Linux on your own laptop is much encouraged, but you cannot use your own equipment for this course. People Menu openen. Research Menu openen.

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Learn command prompt basics of investing npl loan

You'll understand and distinguish between the fundamental terms - terminal emulator, shell, bash, command line, and prompt.

Forex broker regulatory body How much experience do I need to do this Guided Project? You'll learn what's the difference between a terminal, bash, command-line, and prompt. You can find us AlpacaHQif you use twitter. Note: This course is organized in the computer lab of the Mathematics department. Please check your inbox and click the link to confirm your subscription. One day course 25 max.
Learn command prompt basics of investing More questions? You can download and keep any of your created files from the Guided Project. Is this a necessary tool? Task 7: Copy, Move and Remove Files. But does this make every trade feel a hundred times more badass?
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Gaim, maybe Pidgin I've never tried the given location. Javatpoint Services JavaTpoint browser must support forces it to. They built Gmail up balloon on through Device Manager the other devices.

In dir you can show all files in current directories, but also files in subdirectories in one command:. Dir command also allows you to do searches. Please note that if you search the word put , it will match also the filenames like input or output because both words contain put. Now you may want to display the content of a file using the type command. But it is still useful for relatively small files like configurations. When some command outputs too much content to fit on the screen, you will need to use more commands.

A lot of text. You can do so using the pipe operator. On the left side of pipe , you put a command to produce output. On the right side, you write a command that will receive the output and do something with it. So for example when trying to look at a long text file:. We use this technique here with type and more , but it can work in other cases too. For example, you may combine more with the help command to display the documentation page by page:.

Note that if you no longer need to show the next screen and you want to leave more command, just press the Q key on your keyboard. And even better: you can skip a few lines at the beginning of the output. It supports directly file display by putting the filename at the end of the command:. It has an added benefit: more command tells your current viewing position in the file with a percentage of the progress.

In general, if you have some command that also provides an additional feature it is better to use this command and its feature instead of two separate commands. You will often find the benefits of using commands with additional parameters because it makes the script shorter. Sometimes you really want to have the output of the command inside a new file instead.

You can use it like this:. As you can see, first the command is written normally, as you would if you wanted to see the result in that dark Windows 10 Command Prompt console window. Well, if you really want, you can put the name of an existing file. Instead of writing into a file and erasing the content, this one can use the existing file and write the output at the end of this existing file.

This is really convenient when you need to compare multiple commands output but also you can literally write files with echo commands used in the Command Prompt, much like this:. Otherwise, you will see duplicated lines: original command and its result. Yes, using the double greater than operator and type program, you can suddenly concatenate two files. Combining good features from different programs is an important aspect of the command line scripts.

So for example, concatenating files is useful to combine your monthly reports in CSV:. For example, you want to create a new directory and copy a file in this new directory. Now, if the directory creation failed somehow, are you really sure you want to continue and copy that file?

If you run this command once, assuming you have an index. In this directory, there will be a copy of the index. However, if you delete the index. But how does it know that? When an application exits, it always returns an exit code to the operating system in order to indicate if all has gone right or not. This way various apps can launch other applications and have a simple way to know how the task launched finished its job.

If the application returns something that is not a zero, a parent app understands the application had an error. Also, the non-zero number is the error code returned and can explain the reason. Exit code is the basic Windows commands concept or even, we can say a core concept. In the command line, we often want to extract data and sometimes we need only one line or just one special file.

It may be simpler for you to tell the computer to find a specific date in your log file instead of scrolling through yourself and looking for it. It searches a string in a text and outputs any line that contains that search string to allow easy filtering. But find does not only work with files! Instead of a whole screen, you get only a few lines with exactly what you want. Maybe you would want to keep it in Windows 10 Command Prompt list!

Take a look at a few more Windows Prompt commands:. This is one of the most important commands prompt Windows commands. It is a short form of delete tree. Deltree is a command utilized to delete files and directories forever from the computer or laptop. Be very very careful with this command because it removes data permanently. When the user fires the above command in the Command Prompt Windows 10 then it deletes the MyFile directory and everything present in that directory.

This is one of the most important Windows commands. Wrong device drivers can point to any quantity of system dilemmas. If users want to view which drivers are placed on a Windows operating system, they can achieve this by executing the driver query Windows command-line tool. This command comes under basic CMD prompt commands which give data about each driver that is being utilized.

If a user wants a bit extra report, you can affix the -v switch. Another alternative is to affix the -si switch, which makes the tool demonstrate signature data for the drivers. Ping is presumably the easiest of all distinguishing Command Prompt Windows 10 commands. To apply it, just enter the command, accompanied by the alias or IP address of the host you need to examine. Always remember that this command will operate only if the Internet Control Message Protocol ICMP movement is permitted to move between the two computers.

If at any time a firewall is preventing ICMP traffic, the ping will break. This is where the Windows Command Prompt commands like pathping are handy. Pathping is intended for circumstances in which one or more routers live between hosts. At its purest, the syntax for pathping is the same as that of the ping command. This is one of the best Windows Command Prompt codes. The tasklist command is created to give data about the tasks that are operating on a Windows operating system.

The tasklist command has many arbitrary switches. The -m switch, which makes the tasklist to illustrate all the DLL modules connected with a job. The next is the -svc switch, which places the settings that back each job. This is one of the basic CMD commands. The taskkill command eliminates a task, either by title or by process ID. The arrangement for this command is manageable. Users must fire the taskkill command with -pid process ID or -im image name and the title or process ID of the job that they need to stop.

One can say that this command comes under the most important Windows commands. Wicked apps will regularly strive to substitute kernel system files with altered variants in an attempt to gain control of the system. The System File Checker can be utilized to check the probity of the Windows system registers.

If any of the folders are discovered to be lost or nefarious, they will be repaired. This is one of the most amazing Windows command line commands. If a drive that is secured is facing some problems then users can seldom retrieve the data utilizing a service named repair-bde. To apply this command, users require a target drive to which the retrieved data can be recorded, as well as the BitLocker retrieval key or restoration password.

The primary syntax for this command is:. Users should define the root drive, the target drive, and both the rk recovery key or the rp recovery password switch, along with the route to the restoration key or the restoration password. Following is the example:. The NetDiag command is outlined to operate a series of analyses on the computer in order to assist the professional sketch out why the computer is encountering networking difficulties.

Listing the NetDiag command by itself will make all of the possible analyses to be covered. Netdiag can assist users to interpret any amount of network problems such as Monitoring Virtual Private Networks. The tracert command tracks the path it exercises for a packet to touch a target and displays users an erudition about each jaunt along that path.

For example, if users run tracert abc. If users are having concerns comparing to a website, tracert can explicate where the enigma is transpiring. The above command is one of the most crucial Command Prompt Windows 10 commands. The cipher comes under the encryption Windows Command Prompt Commands. This reveals or changes the encryption of records and files on NTFS volumes.

If employed without parameters, cipher reveals the encryption status of the prevailing directory and any records it holds. The Command Prompt Windows 10 also has one important command known as finger. It displays information about a user or users on a particular remote computer. This Windows Command Line command is used to compare the contents of two files byte-by-byte. If applied without parameters, it allows users to enter the files to compare.

The clip comes under the redirecting Windows Commands. It redirects command output from the command line. Users can also paste the output into other programs and files. It develops the font and background colors in the Command Prompt pane for the running session. If applied without parameters, color alters the default view and sets colors. The append comes under the directories Command Prompt Commands Windows This allows programs to open files in particular folders or directories.

If applied without parameters, the append command reveals the appended directory index. This command gives the media access control MAC address. It also gives the record of network rules connected with each address for all network cards locally or over a network. It forms, switches, or removes the name of a disk. If applied without parameters, the label command modifies the prevailing volume label or eliminates the current label. An NTFS volume label is 32 characters in length. It can retain and disclose the fact that was applied when the label was formed.

The logman commands are used in the Windows server Command Prompt Windows The logman command builds and maintains Performance logs and Event Trace Session. This command also backs many roles of Performance Monitor from the command line. The ftype commands are Windows System Commands. It represents or changes filetypes that are applied in file name extension assistance. If applied without parameters, ftype shows the filetypes that have open strings specified. It is applied to install the bootmgr bootloader and to set and configure its boot configuration data BCD.

BCD is a binary file that represents all installed Windows applications. In other words, bcdboot is used to build and repair a system partition. This is the default certreq. If no alternative is defined at the CMD, certreq. Users must define a certificate request when utilizing the —submit method. If this parameter is discarded, a standard File Open window surfaces, allowing users to pick the suitable certificate call file.

Delprof is a CMD utility that one can apply to delete user profiles on local or remote machines running various Windows OS. User profiles can take up significant disk space, particularly if various users are utilizing one machine. In such cases, Delprof. But, because each profile on the machine is shown in sequence when users run the utility, they may require to use the graphical interface. The command reveals the total folders, files, and space utilized by the machine.

The erase command is the same as the del command. Esentutl The esentutl command is used to manage Extensible Storage Engine databases. Eventcreate The eventcreate command is used to create a custom event in an event log. Eventtriggers The eventtriggers command is used to configure and display event triggers. The eventtriggers command is available in Windows XP.

Exe2bin The exe2bin command is used to convert a file of the EXE file type executable file to a binary file. The exe2bin command is not available in any bit version of Windows. Exit The exit command is used to end the cmd. The expand command is not available in the bit version of Windows XP. The extrac32 command is available in all versions of Windows.

The extrac32 command is actually a CAB extraction program for use by Internet Explorer but can be used to extract any Microsoft Cabinet file. Use the expand command instead of the extrac32 command if possible. The extract command is available in Windows 98 and The extract command was replaced by the expand command beginning in Windows XP.

The help command replaced the fasthelp command beginning in Windows Fastopen The fastopen command is used to add a program's hard drive location to a special list stored in memory, potentially improving the program's launch time by removing the need for MS-DOS to locate the application on the drive.

The fastopen command is not available in bit versions of Windows. Fc The fc command is used to compare two individual or sets of files and then show the differences between them. Fdisk The fdisk command is used to create, manage, and delete hard drive partitions. The fdisk command was replaced by the diskpart command beginning in Windows XP. Find The find command is used to search for a specified text string in one or more files. Findstr The findstr command is used to find text string patterns in one or more files.

Finger The finger command is used to return information about one or more users on a remote computer that's running the Finger service. Fltmc The fltmc command is used to load, unload, list, and otherwise manage Filter drivers. Fondue The fondue command, short for Features on Demand User Experience Tool, is used to install any of the several optional Windows features from the command line. The fondue command is available in Windows 8. Optional Windows features can also be installed from the Programs and Features applet in Control Panel.

For The for command is used to run a specified command for each file in a set of files. The for command is most often used within a batch or script file. The forcedos command is only available in bit versions of Windows XP.

Forfiles The forfiles command selects one or more files to execute a specified command on. The forfiles command is most often used within a batch or script file. Format The format command is used to format a drive in the file system that you specify.

Fsutil The fsutil command is used to perform various FAT and NTFS file system tasks like managing reparse points and sparse files, dismounting a volume, and extending a volume. Ftp The ftp command can be used to transfer files to and from another computer. The remote computer must be operating as an FTP server. The ftp command is available in all versions of Windows.

Ftype The ftype command is used to define a default program to open a specified file type. Getmac The getmac command is used to display the media access control MAC address of all the network controllers on a system. Goto The goto command is used in a batch or script file to direct the command process to a labeled line in the script. Gpresult The gpresult command is used to display Group Policy settings.

Gpupdate The gpupdate command is used to update Group Policy settings. Graftabl The graftabl command is used to enable the ability of Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode. The graftabl command is not available in bit versions of Windows. Graphics The graphics command is used to load a program that can print graphics. The graphics command is not available in bit versions of Windows. Hostname The hostname command displays the name of the current host.

Hwrcomp The hwrcomp command is used to compile custom dictionaries for handwriting recognition. The hwrcomp command is available in Windows 8 and Windows 7. Hwrreg The hwrreg command is used to install a previously compiled custom dictionary for handwriting recognition. The hwrreg command is available in Windows 8 and Windows 7. Icacls The icacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files.

The icacls command is an updated version of the cacls command. If The if command is used to perform conditional functions in a batch file. Interlnk The interlnk command is used to connect two computers via a serial or parallel connection to share files and printers.

The ability to directly connect two computers is handled by the networking functions in all versions of Windows. Intersvr The intersvr command is used to start the Interlnk server and to copy Interlnk files from one computer to another. The ipconfig command can also be used to release and renew IP addresses on systems configured to receive them via a DHCP server. The ipconfig command is available in all versions of Windows.

Ipxroute The ipxroute command is used to display and change information about IPX routing tables. The ipxroute command is available in Windows XP. Microsoft removed their built-in NetWare client beginning in Windows Vista, removing the associated ipxroute command as well. Irftp The irftp command is used to transmit files over an infrared link.

The irftp command is available in Windows 8, Windows 7, and Windows Vista. The kb16 command is not available in bit versions of Windows. Keyb The keyb command is used to configure a keyboard for a specific language. See the kb16 command for an equivalent command in later versions of Windows. Klist The klist command is used to list Kerberos service tickets.

The klist command can also be used to purge Kerberos tickets. The klist command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8 and Windows 7. Ksetup The ksetup command is used to configure connections to a Kerberos server. The ksetup command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8 and Windows 7. Ktmutil The ktmutil command starts the Kernel Transaction Manager utility. Label The label command is used to manage the volume label of a disk.

Lh The lh command is the shorthand version of the loadhigh command. Licensingdiag The licensingdiag command is a tool used to generate a text-based log and other data files that contain product activation and other Windows licensing information. The licensingdiag command is available in Windows 10 and Windows 8. Loadfix The loadfix command is used to load the specified program in the first 64K of memory and then runs the program.

The loadfix command is not available in bit versions of Windows. Loadhigh The loadhigh command is used to load a program into high memory and is usually used from within the autoexec. Memory usage is handled automatically beginning in Windows XP. Lock The lock command is used to lock a drive, enabling direct disk access for a program.

The lock command is only available in Windows 98 and Drive locking is no longer available as of Windows XP. Lodctr The lodctr command is used to update registry values related to performance counters. The lodctr command is available in all versions of Windows. The logman command also supports many functions of Performance Monitor.

Logoff The logoff command is used to terminate a session. The lpq command is available in all versions of Windows. The lpr command is available in all versions of Windows. Makecab The makecab command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The makecab command is sometimes called Cabinet Maker. The makecab command is the same as the diantz command, a command that was removed after Windows 7.

Manage-bde The manage-bde command is used to configure BitLocker Drive Encryption from the command line. The manage-bde command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. A script by the name of manage-bde. Md The md command is the shorthand version of the mkdir command. Mem The mem command shows information about used and free memory areas and programs that are currently loaded into memory in the MS-DOS subsystem.

The mem command is not available in bit versions of Windows. Memmaker The memmaker command is used to start MemMaker, a memory optimization tool. Memory usage is automatically optimized beginning in Windows XP. Mkdir The mkdir command is used to create a new folder. Mklink The mklink command is used to create a symbolic link.

The mofcomp command is available in all versions of Windows. More The more command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The mount command is available in Windows 7 and Windows Vista. Mountvol The mountvol command is used to display, create, or remove volume mount points. Move The move command is used to move one or files from one folder to another.

The move command is also used to rename directories. Mrinfo The mrinfo command is used to provide information about a router's interfaces and neighbors. Msav The msav command starts Microsoft Antivirus. Microsoft provides an optional virus protection suite called Microsoft Security Essentials for Windows XP and later operating systems, and third party antivirus tools are available for all versions of Windows.

Msbackup The msbackup command starts Microsoft Backup, a tool used to back up and restore one or more files. The msbackup command was replaced with Microsoft Backup beginning in Windows 95 and then Backup and Restore in later versions of Windows. Msd The msd command starts Microsoft Diagnostics, a system information tool. The msd command was replaced with System Information beginning in Windows Msg The msg command is used to send a message to a user.

Msiexec The msiexec command is used to start Windows Installer, a tool used to install and configure software. Muiunattend The muiunattend command starts the Multilanguage User Interface unattended setup process. The nbtstat command is available in all versions of Windows. Net The net command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings. The net command is available in all versions of Windows. Net1 The net1 command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings.

The net command should be used instead of the net1 command. The net1 command was made available in Windows NT and Windows as a temporary fix for a Y2K issue that the net command had, which was corrected before the release of Windows XP.

The net1 command remains in later versions of Windows only for compatibility with older programs and scripts that utilized the command. Netcfg The netcfg command is used to install the Windows Preinstallation Environment WinPE , a lightweight version of Windows used to deploy workstations. Netsh The netsh command is used to start Network Shell, a command-line utility used to manage the network configuration of the local, or a remote, computer. Netstat The netstat command is most commonly used to display all open network connections and listening ports.

The netstat command is available in all versions of Windows. The nfsadmin command is available in Windows 7 and Windows Vista. Nlsfunc The nlsfunc command is used to load information specific to a particular country or region. The nlsfunc command is not available in bit versions of Windows.

Nltest The nltest command is used to test secure channels between Windows computers in a domain and between domain controllers that are trusting other domains. The nltest command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. Nslookup The nslookup is most commonly used to display the hostname of an entered IP address. Ntbackup The ntbackup command is used to perform various backup functions from the Command Prompt or from within a batch or script file.

The ntbackup command is available in Windows XP. The ntbackup command was replaced with the wbadmin beginning in Windows Vista. Ntsd The ntsd command is used to perform certain command line debugging tasks. The ntsd command is available in Windows XP. The ntsd command was removed beginning in Windows Vista due to the addition of dump file support in Task Manager. Ocsetup The ocsetup command starts the Windows Optional Component Setup tool, used to install additional Windows features.

The ocsetup command is available in Windows 8, Windows 7, and Windows Vista. Beginning in Windows 8, Microsoft is depreciating the ocsetup command in favor of the dism command. Openfiles The openfiles command is used to display and disconnect open files and folders on a system. Path The path command is used to display or set a specific path available to executable files. Pathping The pathping command functions much like the tracert command but will also report information about network latency and loss at each hop.

Pause The pause command is used within a batch or script file to pause the processing of the file. When the pause command is used, a "Press any key to continue…" message displays in the command window. Pentnt The pentnt command is used to detect floating point division errors in the Intel Pentium chip. The pentnt command is also used to enable floating point emulation and disable floating point hardware.

The pentnt command is available in Windows XP. The pentnt command was removed beginning in Windows Vista due to the lack of Intel Pentium CPU use at the time of this operating system release. The ping command is available in all versions of Windows.

Package Manager installs, uninstalls, configures, and updates features and packages for Windows. Pnpunattend The pnpunattend command is used to automate the installation of hardware device drivers. Pnputil The pnputil command is used to start the Microsoft PnP Utility, a tool used to install a Plug and Play device from the command line. Popd The popd command is used to change the current directory to the one most recently stored by the pushd command.

The popd command is most often utilized from within a batch or script file. Power The power command is used to reduce the power consumed by a computer by monitoring software and hardware devices. The power command was replaced by operating system integrated power management functions beginning in Windows XP. Powercfg The powercfg command is used to manage the Windows power management settings from the command line.

Print The print command is used to print a specified text file to a specified printing device. Pushd The pushd command is used to store a directory for use, most commonly from within a batch or script program. Pwlauncher The pwlauncher command is used to enable, disable, or show the status of your Windows To Go startup options.

The pwlauncher command is available in Windows 10 and 8. Qappsrv The qappsrv command is used to display all Remote Desktop Session Host servers available on the network. The qbasic command is not installed by default with Windows 98 or 95 but is available from the installation disc or disks. Qprocess The qprocess command is used to display information about running processes. Query The query command is used to display the status of a specified service.

Quser The quser command is used to display information about users currently logged on to the system. Qwinsta The qwinsta command is used to display information about open Remote Desktop Sessions. Rasdial The rasdial command is used to start or end a network connection for a Microsoft client. Rcp The rcp command is used to copy files between a Windows computer and a system running the rshd daemon. Rd The rd command is the shorthand version of the rmdir command. The rdpsign command is available in Windows 7.

The reagentc command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. Recimg The recimg command is used to create a custom refresh image. The recimg command is available in Windows 8. Recover The recover command is used to recover readable data from a bad or defective disk.

Reg The reg command is used to manage the Windows Registry from the command line. The reg command can perform common registry functions like adding registry keys , exporting the registry , etc. Regini The regini command is used to set or change registry permissions and registry values from the command line. The register-cimprovider command is available in Windows 10 and Windows 8. Relog The relog command is used to create new performance logs from data in existing performance logs.

Rem The rem command is used to record comments or remarks in a batch or script file. Ren The ren command is the shorthand version of the rename command. Rename The rename command is used to change the name of the individual file that you specify. Repair-bde The repair-bde command is used to repair or decrypt a damaged drive that's been encrypted using BitLocker.

The repair-bde command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. Replace The replace command is used to replace one or more files with one or more other files. Reset The reset command, executed as reset session , is used to reset the session subsystem software and hardware to known initial values.

Restore The restore command is used to restore files that were backed up using the backup command. Rexec The rexec command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rexec daemon. Rmdir The rmdir command is used to delete an existing or completely empty folder.

Robocopy The robocopy command is used to copy files and directories from one location to another. This command is also called Robust File Copy. The robocopy command is superior to both the copy command and the xcopy command because robocopy supports many more options. Route The route command is used to manipulate network routing tables.

The route command is available in all versions of Windows. The rpcinfo command is available in Windows 7 and Windows Vista. Rpcping The rpcping command is used to ping a server using RPC. Rsh The rsh command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rsh daemon. Rsm The rsm command is used to manage media resources using Removable Storage. The rsm command was optional in Windows Vista and then removed in Windows 7 due to Removable Storage Manager being removed from the operating system.

Runas The runas command is used to execute a program using another user's credentials. Rwinsta The rwinsta command is the shorthand version of the reset session command. Sc The sc command is used to configure information about services. The sc command communicates with the Service Control Manager. Scandisk The scandisk command is used to start Microsoft ScanDisk, a disk repair program.

The scandisk command was replaced by the chkdsk command beginning in Windows XP. Scanreg The scanreg command starts Windows Registry Checker, a basic registry repair program and backup utility. The scanreg command is available in Windows 98 and Windows The functions provided by the scanreg command were no longer necessary beginning in Windows XP due to changes in how the Windows Registry functions.

Schtasks The schtasks command is used to schedule specified programs or commands to run at certain times. The schtasks command can be used to create, delete, query, change, run, and end scheduled tasks. Secedit The secedit command is used to configure and analyze system security by comparing the current security configuration to a template.

Setlocal The setlocal command is used to start the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file. The setspn command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. The setver command is not available in bit versions of Windows.

Setx The setx command is used to create or change environment variables in the user environment or the system environment. Sfc The sfc command is used to verify and replace important Windows system files. The sfc command is also referred to as System File Checker or Windows Resource Checker, depending on the operating system.

Shadow The shadow command is used to monitor another Remote Desktop Services session. The share command is not available in bit versions of Windows. Shift The shift command is used to change the position of replaceable parameters in a batch or script file. Showmount The showmount command is used to display information about NFS mounted file systems. The showmount command is available in Windows 7 and Windows Vista.

Shutdown The shutdown command can be used to shut down, restart , or log off the current system or a remote computer. Caching is automatic beginning in Windows XP, making the smartdrv command unnecessary. Sort The sort command is used to read data from a specified input, sort that data, and return the results of that sort to the Command Prompt screen, a file, or another output device.

Start The start command is used to open a new command line window to run a specified program or command. The start command can also be used to start an application without creating a new window. The start command is available in all versions of Windows. Subst The subst command is used to associate a local path with a drive letter.

The subst command is a lot like the net use command except a local path is used instead of a shared network path. Sxstrace The sxstrace command is used to start the WinSxs Tracing Utility, a programming diagnostic tool. The sys command is used most often to create a simple bootable disk or hard drive. The necessary system files for Windows are too large to fit on a disk, so the sys command was removed beginning in Windows XP. Systeminfo The systeminfo command is used to display basic Windows configuration information for the local or a remote computer.

Takeown The takedown command is used to regain access to a file that that an administrator was denied access to when reassigning ownership of the file. Taskkill The taskkill command is used to terminate a running task.

The taskkill command is the command line equivalent of ending a process in Task Manager in Windows. Telnet The telnet command is used to communicate with remote computers that use the Telnet protocol. The telnet command is available in all versions of Windows. The telnet command is not available by default in Windows 10, 8, 7, or Vista, but can be enabled by turning on the Telnet Client Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Time The time command is used to show or change the current time. Timeout The timeout command is typically used in a batch or script file to provide a specified timeout value during a procedure. The timeout command can also be used to ignore keypresses. Title The title command is used to set the Command Prompt window title. Tlntadmn The tlntadmn command is used to administer a local or remote computer running Telnet Server.

The tlntadmn command is not available by default in Windows 8, 7, or Vista, but can be enabled by turning on the Telnet Server Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel. Tpmvscmgr The tpmvscmgr command is used to create and destroy TPM virtual smart cards.

The tpmvscmgr command is available in Windows 8. Tracerpt The tracerpt command is used to process event trace logs or real-time data from instrumented event trace providers. The tracert command is available in all versions of Windows. Tree The tree command is used to graphically display the folder structure of a specified drive or path. Tscon The tscon command is used to attach a user session to a Remote Desktop session. Tsdiscon The tsdiscon command is used to disconnect a Remote Desktop session.

Tskill The tskill command is used to end the specified process. Tsshutdn The tsshutdn command is used to remotely shut down or restart a terminal server. The tsshutdn command is available in Windows XP. The ability to shut down a computer remotely is also available in the more powerful shutdown command, so tsshutdn was removed beginning in Windows Vista.

Type The type command is used to display the information contained in a text file. Typeperf The typerperf command displays performance data in the Command Prompt window or writes the data to specified log file. Tzutil The tzutil command is used to display or configure the current system's time zone.

The tzutil command can also be used to enable or disable Daylight Saving Time adjustments. The tzutil command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. The umount command is available in Windows 7 and Windows Vista. The undelete command was removed beginning in Windows 95 due to the availability of the Recycle Bin in Windows.

Additionally, free file recovery programs are available from third-party software makers. The unformat command was removed beginning in Windows 95 due to file system changes. Unlock The unlock command is used to unlock a drive, disabling direct disk access for a program. The unlock command is only available in Windows 98 and Unlodctr The unlodctr command removes Explain text and Performance counter names for a service or device driver from the Windows Registry. Vaultcmd The vaultcmd command is used to create, remove, and show stored credentials.

The vaultcmd command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. Vol The vol command shows the volume label and serial number of a specified disk, assuming this information exists. Microsoft provides an optional virus protection suite called Microsoft Security Essentials for Windows XP and later operating systems, and third-party antivirus tools are available for all versions of Windows.

Vssadmin The vssadmin command starts the Volume Shadow Copy Service administrative command line tool which displays current volume shadow copy backups and all installed shadow copy writers and providers. W32tm The w32tm command is used to diagnose issues with Windows Time. Waitfor The waitfor command is used to send or wait for a signal on a system. Wbadmin The wbadmin command is used to start and stop backup jobs, display details about a previous backup, list the items within a backup, and report on the status of a currently running backup.

The wbadmin command replaced the ntbackup command beginning in Windows Vista. Wecutil The wecutil command is used to manage subscriptions to events that are forwarded from WS-Management supported computers. Wevtutil The wevtutil command starts the Windows Events Command Line Utility which is used to manage event logs and publishers.

Where The where command is used to search for files that match a specified pattern. Whoami The whoami command is used to retrieve user name and group information on a network. The winmgmt command is available in all versions of Windows. Winrm The winrm command is used to start the command line version of Windows Remote Management, used to manage secure communications with local and remote computers using web services.

Winrs The winrs command is used to open a secure command window with a remote host. Winsat The winsat command starts the Windows System Assessment Tool, a program that assesses various features, attributes, and capabilities of a computer running Windows. Xcopy The xcopy command can copy one or more files or directory trees from one location to another. The xcopy command is generally considered a more "powerful" version of the copy command through the robocopy command trumps even xcopy.

A command by the name of xcopy32 existed in Windows 95 and Windows To avoid a long and confusing explanation here, just know that no matter if you executed the xcopy command or the xcopy32 command, you were always executing the most updated version of the command. The xwizard command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. Was this page helpful? Thanks for letting us know! Email Address Sign up There was an error. Please try again. You're in! Thanks for signing up. There was an error.

Tell us why! More from Lifewire. The append command can be used by programs to open files in another directory as if they were located in the current directory. The arp command is used to display or change entries in the ARP cache. The assoc command is used to display or change the file type associated with a particular file extension. The at command is used to schedule commands and other programs to run at a specific date and time.

The atmadm command is used to display information related to asynchronous transfer mode ATM connections on the system. The attrib command is used to change the attributes of a single file or a directory. The auditpol command is used to display or change audit policies. The bcdboot command is used to copy boot files to the system partition and to create a new system BCD store. The bcdedit command is used to view or make changes to Boot Configuration Data. The bdehdcfg command is used to prepare a hard drive for BitLocker Drive Encryption.

The bitsadmin command is used to create, manage, and monitor download and upload jobs. The bootcfg command is used to build, modify, or view the contents of the boot. The cacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files. The call command is used to run a script or batch program from within another script or batch program.

The cd command is the shorthand version of the chdir command. The certreq command is used to perform various certification authority CA certificate functions. The certutil command is used to dump and display certification authority CA configuration information in addition to other CA functions.

The change command changes various terminal server settings like install modes, COM port mappings, and logons. The chcp command displays or configures the active code page number. The chdir command is used to display the drive letter and folder that you are currently in.

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